Howman said there were no regulations requiring products be accurately labelled.
“You simply cannot trust the labels. There are still far too many case where the excuse is ‘I read the label and there is nothing on the label that says this banned substance is in it’. There is no regulatory body, there is no regulation saying the manufacturer has to state what is in the product.
“I say to someone wanting to take these products ‘make sure you are sitting in the manufacturers factory when a batch comes out because it is the only way to be sure what is in it.”
Many athletes worldwide, he said, had been caught by drug testers for having consumed over the counter products and then claimed to be unaware they had contained banned substances.
He said that when he was at WADA they were concerned that the updated banned substances list provided a form of new ingredients list for some manufacturers.
“We used to think every time the lists came out (of banned substances) they would look at he lists and say ‘that must be good we will put it in our stuff’.
“They are selling mostly to people in gyms who do it for their own reasons not to elite athletes who have regulations around what they can take.”
I say to someone wanting to take these products ‘make sure you are sitting in the manufacturers factory when a batch comes out because it is the only way to be sure what is in it
Jack tested positive for Ligandrol, a banned substance that belongs to the SARM (selective androgen receptor modulator) family.
A related substance, SARM-22, was mentioned on the AFL charge sheet against Essendon Football Club in relation to the 2012 supplements scandal. It was never alleged that any players or permanent staff were administered with the substance.
According to the AFL’s charges laid against the Bombers, SARM-22 (also prohibited under the AFL and WADA codes) “was kept on the premises of the club and was injected into a volunteer member of the football department of the club and was provided to that volunteer member for self-injection”.
Ligandrol is a SARM used to help with the treatment of conditions like osteoporosis. It can help repair and build muscles, and thus is a banned substance for athletes. Jack says she does not know how the substance came to be in her system.
“I now know that this can be found in contaminated supplements,” Jack said in a statement on her Instagram account after her positive test.
Michael Gleeson is an award-winning senior sports writer specialising in AFL and athletics.
Jake Niall is a Walkley award-winning sports journalist and chief AFL writer for The Age.