“This is a victory of gender justice and will further equality in society.”
The government said it was aware of more than 570 cases of the practice since August 2017.
In triple talaq, no explanation was needed, and if a woman wanted to remarry, she had to give up custody of any children. Activists have argued that sudden divorce left women vulnerable because they faced being kicked out of homes they shared with their husbands and forced on to the streets.
There were also cases of Muslim men in India divorcing their wives via email, text message and WhatsApp.
In August 2017, the Supreme Court ruled that the practice was “unconstitutional”. This came several months after more than a million Indian Muslims – mostly women – signed a petition to end the custom.
Parliament was dissolved for the May 2019 general elections before the bill, tabled by Modi, could be addressed.
Modi vowed to reintroduce it if re-elected and said its successful passing should be interpreted as a major victory for women’s rights.