“Conversion therapy has been discredited and denounced by professionals and health associations in Canada, the United States and around the world. It has no basis on science or facts,” said Minister of Justice and Attorney-General David Lametti.
The legislation would not criminalise personal views expressed in private conversations by individuals looking to provide support to those struggling with their sexual orientation or gender identity.
The bill was introduced by Lametti and Bardish Chagger, minister of diversity and inclusion and youth.
Conversion therapy has been banned in some Canadian cities such as Vancouver and Calgary. Ontario was the first Canadian province to ban the practice in 2015.
Several US states, including California, Colorado, New York and Washington, have banned conversion therapy.