Changes to Australia’s Online Safety Act proposed by the Morrison government would give the eSafety office powers to set and enforce basic online safety expectations, tackle serious adult cyber abuse and compel platform providers to make account owners identifiable.
Ms Inman Grant stressed that anonymity can be a force for good online, and suggested balance could be achieved with digital IDs or blockchain-powered solutions that would hide users’ details until requested by law enforcement.
But she said people using the anonymity of the internet to harm others remains a big problem and mainstream social media companies are yet to acknowledge their full responsibilities to combat it.
Ms Inman Grant worked at tech giant Microsoft during the 1990s and was involved in shaping key US legislation – Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act – which gives internet platforms immunity from liability from content posted by their users.
However, she said regulations must now be revisited.
“There weren’t many players, there certainly wasn’t social media, and we as an industry at the time were concerned that if too many brakes were put on the development of the internet, it wouldn’t reach its full potential,” she said.
“This has practically given the platforms what we call intermediary immunity, or a safe harbour. It gives them a free pass not to take liability for user generated content. They haven’t had to take responsibility for abuse that’s happening on their platforms. But I think the pendulum is going to shift the other way.“
Matt Crozier, chief executive of public participation software provider Bang the Table, said he believed the Wild West era of social media was drawing to a close, as govenrment’s move to regulate the major platforms. “I think what we’re seeing is the end of the wild west of social media and the start of something a little bit more civilised, and I think that’ll benefit Australia just as it does America and elsewhere”, he said.
“The first thing will be to have some sensible common sense rules, that are enforced in an even handed way, around the platforms we all use so that we’re not exposed to that sort of hateful stuff. I don’t think there are many in Australia who would be sad if the people on social media who are doing things that harm people were removed from that space.”