Then, as ground controllers received confirmation that the craft had entered orbit, they rose to their feet and broke into applause. The team, which has an average age of just 27 due to the UAE’s young population, will have found the ordeal extraordinarily tense – around 60 per cent of Mars missions end in failure.
The Hope’s mission launch in July was only made possible by a rare, close alignment between Earth and Mars.
The spacecraft is roughly the same size as a car, cost $US200 million ($258 million) to build and was developed in Boulder, Colorado, before it was sent to the launchpad in Japan. The UAE team collaborated with the University of Colorado, the University of California, Berkeley, and Arizona State University in the United States.
“It was a dream we never dared to dream, because we didn’t think it was possible for the UAE to have a space program, let alone to send a spacecraft to Mars,” Sarah al-Amiri, the Emirati advanced science minister, said last year.
Separately, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan unveiled an ambitious 10-year space program for his country that includes missions to the moon, sending Turkish astronauts into space and developing internationally viable satellite systems.
Erdogan announced the program, seen as part of his vision for placing Turkey in expanded regional and global role, during a live televised event laced with special effects.
Erdogan also declared Turkey’s aim to send Turkish citizens into space with international co-operation, to work with other countries on building a spaceport and to create a “global brand” in satellite technology.
“I hope that this roadmap, which will carry Turkey to the top league in the global space race, will come to life successfully,” he said.
The Telegraph, London; Reuters