The military has claimed it was forced to step in because Suu Kyi’s government failed to properly investigate allegations of fraud in November elections, though the election commission has said there is no evidence to support those claims.
The rallies against the coup — now daily occurrences in Myanmar’s two largest cities, Yangon and Mandalay — have drawn people from all walks of life, despite an official ban on gatherings of more than five people. Factory workers and civil servants, students and teachers, medical personnel and people from LGBTQ communities, Buddhist monks and Catholic clergy have all come out in force.
On Thursday, people from ethnic minority groups, who are concentrated in far-flung, border states, joined in — a striking show of unity in a country where some groups have resented the Burman majority’s control and have also had their differences with Suu Kyi. But their deep mistrust of the military, which has brutally repressed their armed struggles for more autonomy, has made them uneasy allies with her party.
The protesters are unlikely to be swayed by Min Aung Hlaing’s call for unity, which come on a national holiday celebrating the date in 1947, when many of the ethnic groups of the country then known as Burma agreed to unify following decades of British colonial rule.
The junta’s pardon orders published in government-run media said that 23,314 prisoners would be freed, along with 55 foreign inmates. The orders also commuted some death-penalty sentences to life imprisonment and reduced the terms of other prison sentences. Suu Kyi is understood to be under house arrest.
It is also unlikely to win over the international community, which has widely condemned the coup as well as the use of police force such as water cannons and rubber bullets to disperse some protesters.
During Myanmar’s previous decades of military rule, Western governments put sanctions in place, but they were eased when elections in 2010 and 2015 showed tentative steps towards democracy.
The US government announced Thursday that new sanctions would target the country’s top military officials who ordered the coup.
The sanctions named Min Aung Hlaing and his deputy Soe Win, as well as four members of the State Administration Council. An executive order signed by President Joe Biden also allows the Treasury Department to target the spouses and adult children of those being sanctioned.
The move will prevent the generals from accessing more than $US1 billion in Myanmar government funds held in the United States.
It remains to be seen what, if any, impact the American action will have on the regime. Many of the military leaders are already under sanctions because of attacks against the Muslim Rohingya minority.