Though hundreds of thousands of buildings lost electricity just after the quake, which struck at 11.08pm Tokyo time, power had been restored to most by Sunday morning.
Several thousand households remained without water, though, and residents lined up with plastic jugs to receive water from trucks.
The power outages did not affect any of the Pfizer Inc COVID-19 vaccines that arrived on Friday for inoculations that are to start this week, Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsunobu Kato told a Sunday morning news conference.
At least 104 people were injured, NHK national television said, including several who suffered fractures, but there were no reported deaths.
There was no tsunami, and no reports of irregularities at any nuclear plants. NHK reported that about 160 millilitres of water had leaked from a spent fuel pool at the Fukushima Dai-Ni reactor but that this presented no danger.
The quake revived memories of the 2011 monster quake, which devastated a wide swath of the Pacific coastline and killed nearly 20,000.
Shinkansen bullet train service to much of northern Japan was suspended due to damage along the tracks. Service along one line was not expected to be restored until at least Tuesday.
Earthquakes are common in Japan, one of the world’s most seismically active areas. Japan accounts for about 20 per cent of the world’s earthquakes of magnitude 6 or greater.