Childcare demands at home skyrocketed during the pandemic, but men and women did not split the burden equally.
Globally, women took on 173 additional hours of unpaid childcare last year, compared to 59 additional hours for men, a study released on Friday by the Center for Global Development, a poverty non-profit, found. The gap widened in low- and middle-income countries, where women cared for children for more than three times as many hours as men did.
Women have felt many of the pandemic’s worst economic effects, including an estimated $US800 billion ($1.05 trillion) in lost income, in large part due to increased demands on their time at home. The COVID-19 recession unravelled gains in pay equality, female labour force participation and unemployment.
Global job loss rates among women were roughly 1.8 times larger than those among men, according to a McKinsey estimate. And as US workers return to the office, mothers are more likely than fathers and women without kids to stay out of work.
Charles Kenny, a senior fellow at the Center for Global Development and one of the study’s authors, said the pandemic merely exposed existing gender disparities.
“Every year, year in year out, there are trillions of hours of unpaid care work being done, the considerable majority by women,” he said. “We are not going to get to a world that sees gender equality until that burden is more evenly shared.”
The study used figures from Unesco and the OECD to measure the number of children home from school and the average time men and women in various countries spent on unpaid childcare before the pandemic. In India, where school closures added 176 billion hours of childcare, the study estimated women took on more than 10 times the burden men did.
Some governments tried to help families with childcare needs. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau proposed a measure aiming to lower the cost of daycare to C$10 ($10.70) a day. Australian lawmakers are considering a budget that would pour $1.7 billion into childcare subsidies, removing annual caps on support for many families and increasing payments to families with multiple children. The US government, for its part, allocated $US53 billion ($70 billion) to keep day care centres from closing during the pandemic.