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Doctors says Myanmar army is hoarding desperately needed oxygen

“I wonder if the military is trying to survive by making it so there are no people left in the country,” said Ko Thein Zaw, a resident of Mandalay, the second-largest city in the country.

Thein Zaw and his wife were married just before the putsch but cancelled their honeymoon because of the turmoil. When his wife tested positive for COVID-19 this month, Thein Zaw scrambled to secure oxygen tanks for her. He could not find enough. She died on July 12.

The number of people dying in Myanmar’s biggest city, Yangon, which is facing a coronavirus surge and a shortage of oxygen to treat patients, has been climbing quickly.

The number of people dying in Myanmar’s biggest city, Yangon, which is facing a coronavirus surge and a shortage of oxygen to treat patients, has been climbing quickly.Credit:AP

“My wife died because of the coup and because the military is trying to destroy everything good for the people,” said Thein Zaw, who is now sick with COVID himself. “Myanmar is a nation in which there are many ways to die.”

On Wednesday, 7083 people tested positive for COVID and 145 died, according to the Ministry of Health and Sports. Medical experts say such official numbers are a fraction of the real caseload, given the shortage of testing and record-keeping.

In an alarming sign of how widespread the outbreak has become, more than 34 per cent of those tested had the disease. By contrast, the seven-day average positivity rate in the United States from late June to early July was 2.7 per cent.


Less than one-third of the people who need oxygen can secure adequate supplies, said Ko Aung Aung Oo, president of a medical charity in Mandalay.

But the military-led government has tried to present itself as the people’s benefactor. State media quoted Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, the junta chief, as batting away suggestions that oxygen supplies were being restricted by the army.

“Actually, we have enough oxygen,” the general said, according to the government-run Global New Light of Myanmar newspaper on Tuesday. “The people do not need to worry about it so much and should not spread the rumour.”

Instead, the junta has accused sellers of oxygen cylinders of price-gouging. That was the reason it gave when it recently announced that people would no longer be allowed to buy from them directly.

The army has also heaped scorn on doctors and other medical workers who have refused to work at government hospitals as part of a much broader mass civil disobedience movement meant to make it impossible for the junta to govern.

But many state-employed doctors taking part in the labour stoppage, which has united more than 1 million government workers, are caring for patients privately.

“We find a way to help people,” said D Hsu Mon, who is practising at an underground clinic. “The military doesn’t care about how to help or how to work for people. They only work for their family members.”

This week, doctors at private clinics received directives from the junta forbidding them from receiving oxygen supplies, said Min Han, the private clinic physician.

While stockpiling oxygen for its ranks, the army has offered useless or dangerous advice to the populace. Garlic helps ward off COVID, state propaganda has suggested. So does citrus.

On Wednesday, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Health and Sports advised people who want to monitor their blood oxygen levels to download an app on their iPhones. Few people in Myanmar, one of Asia’s poorest countries, own iPhones. And the app she recommended contained potentially dangerous misinformation about acceptable blood oxygen levels.


In the south-eastern city of Mawlamyine, Ko Naing Win, a charity worker, said soldiers had arrived this week demanding to know how he had imported oxygen from neighbouring Thailand. They told him to stop or face jail, Naing Win said.

He has stopped donating oxygen to the public. “People in need of oxygen keep coming to me in tears,” he said. “But I’m afraid that I will get arrested.”

COVID is also ripping through prisons, which are crowded with thousands of people whose sole crime was opposing the coup, human rights groups said. Among those said to be critically ill are senior members of the National League for Democracy, the governing party that was ousted by the coup.

Danny Fenster, an American journalist who is locked up in Insein, Myanmar’s most notorious prison, has developed symptoms consistent with COVID, his family said. He has not been tested nor received any medical treatment, they said.

“Thousands of political prisoners who have been arbitrarily detained since the coup are in grave danger,” said Andrews, the UN special rapporteur.

The New York Times

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