Massoud reluctantly followed in his father’s footsteps. After completing military training at Sandhurst, England, in 2012, he read war studies at King’s College London and gained a master’s degree in international politics at London’s City University. By 2019 he had returned to Panjshir, canvassing support in Kabul and beyond. He warned of what he said were the shortcomings of the peace plan negotiated by Zalmay Khalilzad, the US special envoy, and the dangers of a hasty withdrawal of foreign troops.
“Unfortunately they went through with them and I told them that the Afghanistan government would not last weeks, let alone months, after this,” Massoud said. “Unfortunately even I was wrong because the government didn’t even last days.”
He says he hopes to do what the military might of a superpower could not: hold the Taliban to a negotiated deal.
Massoud is suspicious of a general amnesty announced by the Taliban, doubting their assurances that there will be no reprisals. “They are telling us good things, but their actions are showing us something else,” he said.
In anticipation of fighting, Massoud has gathered the nucleus of a resistance, including Amrullah Saleh, the country’s ousted vice-president, hundreds of soldiers and pilots, scores of armoured vehicles and piles of equipment.
More than a thousand civilians, including a number of ethnic minorities, have also fled to the valley, he said.
“With the brutality that the Taliban are showing to our people we are anticipating more waves of refugees coming to the Panjshir Valley,” he said.
Meanwhile, next door to Panjshir, anti-Taliban militiamen recaptured parts of Baghlan province on Friday, according to Afghanistan’s former defence minister, General Bismillah Khan Mohammadi.
“The resistance is still alive,” Mohammadi said.
But can the Panjshir form a rump state of resistance to the Taliban? It is smaller even than the area controlled by his father in 1996, when the Taliban first took control of Kabul and, while his father was able to rely on supply lines to the border, Massoud said he was surrounded. “They have their troops around our valley,” he said.
If his struggle is to have any chance of success, Massoud needs international help, he added.
“We need more weapons, more ammunition and more supplies,” he wrote in an article published in The Washington Post on Wednesday.
The international community cannot ignore Afghanistan now it has fallen to the Taliban, he said.
“This is the pressure the world needs to put on the Taliban: You will not have legitimacy until you are part of an inclusive government,” he said. “Until then no Taliban government is legitimate.”
The Telegraph, London
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